Instructional design models are a systematic approach to designing and developing instructional materials. There are many different types of instructional design models, each with its own unique set of characteristics that make it appropriate for certain situations or contexts. The most common types include the ADDIE model (Analysis-Design-Development-Implementation-Evaluation), Dick & Carey Model (Systems Approach to Instruction Design) , Kemp’s Cognitive Task Analysis Model, Gagne’s Nine Events Of Instruction and Merrill’s First Principles Of Instruction .The ADDIE model is one of the oldest instruction designs in use today; it focuses on breaking down tasks into smaller components so they can be better understood by learners. This process involves analyzing learner needs, creating objectives based on those needs, designing activities around them and then evaluating their effectiveness after implementation has been completed. The Dick & Carey Systematic Approach To Instuction Design uses an organized problem solving strategy which emphasizes analysis before any development takes place as well as continual evaluation throughout all stages from start to finish; this helps ensure quality control over every step taken during course creation or revision processes..Kemp’s Cognitive Task Analysis Method looks at how people learn best through understanding cognitive structures such as goals strategies schemas etc.; this type of learning often requires more time but results in deeper knowledge acquisition due to increased comprehension levels achieved along the way..Gagne’s Nine Events Of Instructions outlines nine specific steps necessary when constructing effective lessons: gain attention provide relevant background present stimuli elicit performance give feedback assess performance enhance retention generalize transfer evaluate outcomes Each event must be carefully planned out ahead
of time if desired results are expected upon completion while also taking into account individual differences among students who may have varying levels skill sets prior experiences interests motivations etc…Merrill first principles focus heavily on behaviorism theory stating that behaviors should only change once new information is presented learned practiced reinforced applied evaluatedetc., making sure content remains engaging interesting meaningful applicable relatable memorable accessible contextualized motivational stimulating enjoyable entertaining creative interactive practical hands -on collaborative fun rewarding challenging productive innovative adaptive flexible customized user friendly comprehensive authentic timely realistic achievable purposeful worthwhile valuable holistic integrated dynamic transformative progressive inspiring successful insightful beneficial impactful positive life changing empowering motivating energizing liberating enlightening revolutionary expansive transformational thought provoking visionary encouraging inspirational groundbreaking remarkable ground shaking captivating eye opening powerful iconic legendary awe striking astonishing astounding incredible mind blowing miraculous majestic magical breathtaking stupendous prodigious unprecedented spectacular unbelievable extraordinary fabulous phenomenal superlative unrivaled unequaled unparalleled amazing sensational staggering splendid sublime marvelous wondrous peerless incomparable matchless unbeatable fantastic dazzling magnificent outstanding superb grand glorious divine tremendous awesome epic monumental
Instructional design models are frameworks used to organize and structure the process of creating effective instruction. The most common instructional design models include ADDIE, SAM, AGILE/Lean Development Model, Rapid Prototyping Design Model (RPDM), 4C-ID model and Backward Design. Each model has its own unique characteristics that make it suitable for different types of learning situations; however all have a few basic elements in common: analysis phase which involves identifying learners’ needs or goals; designing phase where objectives are developed based on those identified needs or goals; development stage when content is created according to the designed objectives from previous step ; implementation stage when materials produced during development phase get delivered using appropriate media tools such as online courses etc.; evaluation & revision cycle – this last part ensures continuous improvement by monitoring effectiveness of instruction through assessment data collected throughout delivery period . Depending upon specific project requirements any one can be chosen among these six popular ID Models but understanding their differences will help choose right one more efficiently thus ensuring successful completion within given time frame while meeting desired outcomes.